Medical Marijuana Cards in VA - Rethink-Rx
Get a Virginia marijuana certificate while on probation

How to get a Virginia MMJ Card While on Probation

Navigating the Virginia Legal System: Obtaining a Medical Cannabis Card While on Probation


Virginia’s journey towards a more progressive stance on medical marijuana has been remarkable. In 2020, the state legalized the use of medical marijuana for qualifying patients, and this significant step forward brought hope to individuals suffering from a range of debilitating medical conditions. However, the situation can become complicated for those on probation, as they must adhere to strict rules and regulations. In this article, we’ll explore how to obtain a Virginia medical marijuana card while on probation and the factors you should consider before embarking on this journey.

  1. Understand Virginia’s Medical Marijuana Program

Before diving into the specifics of getting a medical marijuana card in Virginia while on probation, it’s crucial to have a solid understanding of the state’s medical marijuana program.

The Virginia Board of Pharmacy governs Virginia’s medical marijuana program. The program allows individuals with qualifying medical conditions to access medical marijuana for therapeutic purposes. To participate in this program, patients must obtain a recommendation from a registered healthcare provider. Though it is no longer a requirement in Virginia, many patients also apply to the Board of Pharmacy to register as a medical marijuana patient and obtain a medical marijuana card.

  1. Qualifying Medical Conditions

To be eligible for Virginia medical marijuana certification, you must have a qualifying medical condition and be approved by a qualified healthcare provider. Fortunately, the requirements for this have been relaxed to include any condition the practitioner feels could benefit.  Some of the possible qualifying conditions include:

  • Cancer
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • Anxiety/Stress
  • Crohn’s Disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Sleep Disturbance
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • PTSD
  • Severe, debilitating pain
  1. Consult with a Healthcare Provider

Finding the right medical provider to help you is crucial if you are on probation. It would be best if you had someone who is well-qualified and trained in cannabis therapy and, most importantly, understands the intricacies of the laws related to your circumstance. If you believe you have a qualifying medical condition and would benefit from medical marijuana, your first step is to consult with a healthcare provider. Given your probation status, being transparent with your doctor about your situation is essential. They can evaluate your medical history and current condition to determine if medical marijuana is a suitable treatment option for you.

  1. Finding a Registered Healthcare Provider

In Virginia, not all healthcare providers can or will recommend medical marijuana. This is because of both legal constraints and personal bias. Over 90 percent of providers are, by their admission, poorly equipped to provide cannabis evaluations and certification. To ensure your recommendation is valid, you should consult only with a healthcare provider registered with the Virginia Board of Pharmacy to participate in the medical marijuana program and is well-experienced in the process. Luckily, some specialized providers in Virginia are trained, experienced, and committed to this kind of practice. The state maintains a list of registered providers, which you can access through the official Virginia Board of Pharmacy website. Additionally, the provider should be willing and able to support you through satisfying your probation officer and the court system. Obtaining court approval of your medical marijuana use frequently requires the provider to be available to authenticate your medical marijuana certificate.

  1. Discuss Your Probation Situation

During your consultation, discussing your probation status with the healthcare provider is crucial. While the state has legalized medical marijuana, being on probation means you’re subject to certain restrictions and supervision. Your healthcare provider should know these constraints to provide guidance and recommendations that align with the law and your probationary terms.

  1. Obtain a Medical Marijuana Recommendation

If your healthcare provider determines that medical marijuana is a suitable treatment option for your condition, they will issue a written recommendation. This recommendation is a crucial document in being granted permission for the therapy. This certificate will also allow you to obtain a medical marijuana card from the Board of Pharmacy. While, for most people, the card is no longer needed, the court may require it at their discretion.

  1. Apply for a Virginia Medical Marijuana Card

With a valid medical marijuana recommendation in hand, you can now proceed to apply for a Virginia medical marijuana card if required by your probation officer. To do so, you’ll need to follow these steps:

a. Create a Patient Profile: Visit the Virginia Board of Pharmacy’s patient registration portal and create a patient profile. Be prepared to provide your personal information, including proof of Virginia residency and your healthcare provider’s recommendation.

b. Pay the Application Fee: The application fee is $50. This fee will be paid on the Virginia Board of Pharmacy’s website.

c. Await Approval: The approval process may take several weeks. Your application will be reviewed during this time, and if everything is in order, you will receive your medical marijuana card.

  1. Understanding Probationary Constraints

While the process of obtaining a medical marijuana card in Virginia is relatively straightforward, it’s essential to understand the constraints that probation may impose. Probation terms can vary greatly, but some common restrictions include:

  • Prohibition on drug use, including medical marijuana.
  • Mandatory drug testing.
  • Restrictions on traveling or residing in certain areas.
  • Reporting to a probation officer.
  • Adherence to a curfew.
  • No-contact orders.

Given these constraints, having an open and honest conversation with your probation officer is essential. Some probation officers may be more lenient when it comes to medical marijuana use, especially if a healthcare provider recommends it for a qualifying medical condition. However, others may strictly enforce the prohibition on all forms of drug use.

  1. Communicate with Your Probation Officer

To navigate the complexities of obtaining a medical marijuana card while on probation, effective communication with your probation officer is key. Here are some steps you can take:

a. Inform Your Probation Officer: As soon as you decide to pursue a medical marijuana card, inform your probation officer about your intentions. Provide them with a medical recommendation from your healthcare provider.

b. Clarify Probation Terms: Discuss the terms of your probation with your officer. Seek clarification on their stance regarding medical marijuana use. Some probation officers may be more lenient, while others may strictly enforce a zero-tolerance policy.

c. Seek a Modification: If your probation officer is open to the idea of medical marijuana use and believes it can genuinely benefit your medical condition, you can inquire about the possibility of modifying your probation terms to allow for medical marijuana use. In some cases, they may grant permission, but this can vary depending on your specific circumstances and the probation officer’s discretion.

d. Be Prepared for Drug Testing: Even if your probation officer permits medical marijuana use, you may still be subject to drug testing. It’s essential to understand the frequency and nature of these tests, as well as how they might impact your medical marijuana treatment plan and your probation status.

  1. Follow the Law

It cannot be stressed enough that obtaining a medical marijuana card does not exempt you from following the law. You must adhere to all state regulations regarding medical marijuana, including possession limits and usage restrictions. Failing to do so can have legal consequences and may jeopardize your probation.


Navigating the process of obtaining a Virginia medical marijuana card while on probation is undoubtedly challenging, but it is not impossible. To do so successfully, consulting with a qualified and supportive healthcare provider is vital, maintaining open communication with your probation officer and ensuring strict compliance with all legal requirements. This article gives general information and does not substitute for sound legal advice. Always consult with a qualified legal counsel regarding anything to do with obtaining a medical card while on probation.

Ultimately, your ability to access medical marijuana while on probation may depend on the discretion of your probation officer and the specific terms of your probation. It’s important to remember that while medical marijuana can provide relief to those with qualifying medical conditions, it must be approached with caution and in strict accordance with the law to avoid potential legal repercussions. Throughout this process, always prioritize your health, well-being, and adherence to the law.